Urology is a medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and Prevention of diseases and health problems that affect the kidneys and urinary tract, so what is urology what services does it provide

What is urology?

Urology is a part of health care that deals with diseases and functions of the female and male urinary system, including those related to the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, prostate, and others, and it also deals with issues of male sexual and reproductive health, and this Specialty provides its services to patients of both sexes and all ages, from newborns to the elderly.

Services provided by the Department of Urology

The Department of urology provides many services related to the male and female urinary system, as well as the male reproductive system, whether congenital problems occurred at birth, or developed later. 

In the Department of urology, treatments are offered for all types of urinary tract disorders and benign and malignant diseases in them, examples of which are:

  • Urological surgery in males and females.
  • Urological endoscopy.
  • Treatment of diseases of the urinary system such as: urinary incontinence, infection, the most famous of which are urinary tract infections (UTIs).
  • Reconstructive urologic surgeries.
  • Hemodialysis.
  • Andrology, sexual dysfunction and male infertility.
  • Sexual dysfunction and infertility in females.
  • Treatment of prostatic hyperplasia, prostate laser surgery.
  • Shock-wave lithotripsy of urinary stones and endoscopy.
  • Congenital malformations of the urinary system in children.
  • Pediatric urology.
  • Treatment and surgery of urinary tract tumors and cancers.
  • Kidney transplantation.
  • Adrenal gland surgeries.

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What to expect when visiting the urology department?

During your visit to the urologist, you can expect a comprehensive assessment of your urinary and reproductive health,depending on the nature of the symptoms and health problems you are experiencing, which may include: (4) (9)

1-Medical history and physical examination

The doctor will most likely take your detailed medical history, including any medications and dietary supplements you use, any symptoms you experience, conduct a physical examination to assess your overall health and specifically examine the genital and urinary areas.

2-Diagnostic tests

Depending on the symptoms and medical history, the urologist may order various diagnostic tests to diagnose your condition and determine the best way to treat it, including:

  • Physical Examination: the entire urological apparatus is examined, including examination of the abdomen, pelvis and rectum, and digital rectal examination (DRE) and pelvic examination (Pelvic Exam) are the most prominent methods for this.
  • Urinalysis: a urine sample is taken to check the urine content, check for the presence of bacteria, white blood cells, blood, etc.
  • Blood Tests: to assess kidney function, determine the cause of diseases such as: prostatitis for men, etc.
  • Semenanalysis: it is examined in the laboratory to measure the movement, quantity and quality of sperm in a man.
  • Urine Flow measurement: it is a test that measures the volume of urine excreted from the body, the speed of its flow, and how long it takes.
  • Biopsy: involves taking a tissue sample for examination in the laboratory.
  • Imaging Tests: such as: ultrasound, X-ray, tomography(computed tomography), magnetic resonance.
  • Endoscopic Examinations: where the doctor uses a small camera to look inside the bladder and urethra and detect any problems in them.

After reviewing your medical history,taking tests and reviewing the test results, the urologist will provide a diagnosis and discuss possible treatment options. This may include lifestyle changes, taking medications, minimally invasive procedures, or surgery, and you may need to schedule follow-up appointments to monitor your progress or adjust your treatment as needed.

Surgical Operations in the Department of urology

Our team provides complete surgical care for urological problems, including the following procedures:

  • Kidney And ureter surgery: the most prominent are the diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones by removing or breaking them with shock waves or laser, removal of cysts on the kidneys, excision of benign and cancerous tumors, opening the blockage in the ureter, kidney transplantation.
  • Surgery And cystoscopy: in order to examine the lining of the bladder and urethra and treat its problems.
  • Prostate Surgery: to diagnose and treat prostate diseases,such as: prostate biopsy and resection.
  • Testicular Surgery: including the treatment of undescendedtesticle, varicocele, and testicular torsion.
  • Excision of tumors.
  • Reconstruction Of the genitals and pelvis: in case of birth defects, injuries or health problems affecting these organs.
  • Vasectomy: for permanent male birth control, or reverse vasectomy.
  • Penile Surgeries: as in some cases of penile curvature and erectile dysfunction.
  • Adrenal Gland surgeries.

Surgical Methods in the Department of urology

The Department of urology uses a wide range of surgical methods, starting from laparoscopic surgery, passing through traditional surgery, and ending with robot-assisted surgery, and the following information about them:

  • Laparoscopic Surgery (Endoscopic): it is a minimally invasive surgery performed by inserting a thin and flexible tube equipped with a video camera and surgical instruments attached to its ends, through natural body cavities such as: mouth, anus, urethra, and the camera guides the surgeon during the operation, eliminating the need to make large incisions.
  • Laparoscopic Surgery: the same principle as laparoscopic surgery, but the laparoscope and surgical instruments are inserted through small incisions in the abdomen.
  • Opensurgery: this is a traditional surgery where a long incision is made to reach the area that requires treatment. 
  • Robot-assistedsurgery: it is a minimally invasive surgical operation during which the surgeon controls surgical instruments and a videocamera connected to mechanical arms while sitting in front of a computer console in the operating room.

When to visit urology clinics?

You can make an appointment with urologist if you have a condition or symptoms related to a condition of the female or male urinary system, or the male reproductive system, including:

  • Trouble urinating, including starting or having a strong flow of urine, pain, cloudy urine, or having blood in the urine.
  • Changes in urination, such as:frequent urination or the urgent need to always urinate.
  • Urinary incontinence,especially during the night or when sneezing, laughing or exercising.
  • Trouble starting or maintaining an erection.
  • Infertility and fertility problems.
  • Pelvic pain.
  • Feeling of heaviness in thevaginal area.